What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative condition of joints that leads to breakdown of the cartilage and eventually the underlying bone in the joints. This can lead to pain, swelling, and decreased mobility in the joint.
Who is at risk of developing osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is generally a disease of aging, through progressive “wear and tear.” Some people can develop this earlier as result of a traumatic injury. Studies are ongoing to determine who is more likely to develop osteoarthritis, as there appears to be a hereditary component as well.
What are the most common symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee?
Symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain, swelling, and stiffness in the knee that is typically worse after increased activities.
What can a patient do to lessen the effects of osteoarthritis of the knee?
While the effects of osteoarthritis cannot be reversed, plenty of things can be done to minimize the symptoms and flares that one can get from this condition. Avoiding the triggers and activities that cause pain and swelling can be helpful. Strengthening the surrounding muscles and limiting impact activities can decrease stress on the joint. Weight loss can also improve joint pain. Anti-inflammatory medication can also help symptoms when they occur.
What are the best treatment options available for the pain associated with OA of the knee?
Multiple treatment options are available for osteoarthritis. Conservative measures include anti-inflammatory medication to control the inflammation and physical therapy to strengthen the surrounding muscles. Cortisone injections are also helpful in treating pain, as an anti-inflammatory is injected directly into the joint. Viscosupplementation injections mimic the lubricant within the joint and can help with symptoms, as can bracing in certain cases. Finally, in severe cases, partial or total joint replacement is an option for those who have had symptoms despite the above measures.
Calcium is a nutrient mineral needed in the body to build strong teeth and bones. Calcium also allows blood to clot normally, muscles and nerves to function properly, and the heart to beat normally. Most of the calcium in your body is found inside your bones.
Your growing baby needs a considerable amount of calcium to develop. If you do not consume enough calcium to sustain the needs of your developing baby, your body will take calcium from your bones, decreasing your bone mass and putting you at risk for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis initiates dramatic thinning of the bone, resulting in weak, brittle bones that can easily be broken.
Pregnancy is a critical time for a woman to consume more calcium. Even if no problems develop during pregnancy, an inadequate supply of calcium at this time can diminish bone strength and increase your risk for osteoporosis later in life.
The following guidelines will help ensure that you are consuming enough calcium throughout your pregnancy:
The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (USRDA) for calcium is 1200 milligrams (mg) per day for pregnant and lactating (breastfeeding) women over age 24. The USRDA for women under age 24 is 1200 to 1500 mg. of calcium per day.
Eating and drinking at least four servings of dairy products and calcium-rich foods a day will help ensure that you are getting 1200 mg. of calcium in your daily diet.
The best sources of calcium are dairy products including milk, cheese, yogurt, cream soups, and pudding. Calcium is also found in foods including green vegetables (broccoli, spinach, and greens), seafood, dried peas, and beans.
Vitamin D will help your body use calcium. Adequate amounts of Vitamin D can be obtained through exposure to the sun and in eggs, fish, and fortified milk.
If you have trouble consuming enough calcium-rich foods in your daily meal plan, talk to your doctor and dietitian about calcium supplement. The amount of calcium you will need from a supplement depends on how much calcium you are consuming through food sources.
Many multiple vitamin supplements contain little or no calcium; therefore, you will need an additional calcium supplement.
An enema is a delivery method that introduces a volume of liquid into the rectum. Enemas can act as a laxative and can be used for the relief of constipation. Enemas can be used prior to a medical procedure when prescribed by your doctor. Non-medicated enemas can be used for elective rectal cleansing. All enemas should be administered rectally, NOT orally.
Results will vary, but it usually begins to work within five minutes.
Attempt to hold the enema solution until the urge to evacuate is strong, but no longer than 10 minutes.
No, the enema is disposable and designed to be used only once.
The enema should be inserted into the rectum and nowhere else.
The tips of the Fleet Saline Enemas, are lubricated with petroleum jelly to ease insertion into the rectum.
The best positions are either lying down on your left side or a knee-chest position.
All Fleet products are latex-free.
The enema can be used up to seven days in a row before consulting a physician. If you have not received relief after seven days of use, please contact your doctor. Using more than one enema within 24 hours can be harmful.
If there is no bowel movement after 30 minutes, consult your physician.
Adult-sized enemas should not be used for children under age 12. Use that for children. CHILDREN UNDER TWO SHOULD NEVER BE GIVEN AN ENEMA.